Insects Awaken – 惊蛰

Insects Awaken - 惊蛰

惊蛰-神秘的24节气之一

Insects Awaken

春霆发响惊蛰

Insects Awaken

飞竞,生机勃发春光烂漫——惊蛰节气话惊蛰 惊蛰古称启蛰”,汉朝第六代皇帝汉景帝的讳为“启”,为了避讳而将“启”改为意思相近的“惊”字。该节气在历史上也曾被称为启蛰”。《夏小正》曰:“正月启蛰”。在现今汉字文化圈中,日本仍然使用启蛰这个名称

一、惊蛰气温物候

震为雷,雷惊动潜藏之物惊恐而出。蛰是潜伏所以陶渊明诗用众蛰各潜骇草木纵横舒”。惊蛰原名启蛰”,改启为惊,突出惊动惊蛰最有气势描写是:“春霆发响惊蛰飞竞,潜龙浮景幽泉高镜”,如此生机勃发方有春光烂漫惊蛰雷鸣引人注意。如“未过惊蛰打雷四十九天云不开”。惊蛰节正处乍寒乍暖之际根据冷暖预测后期天气谚语有:“冷惊蛰,暖春分”等。惊蛰节的风也有用来预测后期天气依据。如“惊蛰北风从头过冬”、惊蛰南风秧苗迟下种
惊蛰三候一候桃始华二候仓庚鸣三候化为鸠。
物候桃始华:桃,果名花色红,是月始开仓庚鸣:庚,亦作鹒,黄鹂也。《诗》所谓有鸣仓庚”是也。鹰化为鸠:鹰,蛰鸟也,鹞鹯之属;鸠,即今之布谷
这个节气农忙有着相当重要意义。把它视为春耕开始日子唐诗有云微雨众卉新,一雷惊蛰始。田家几日闲,耕种从此起。农谚也说:过了惊蛰节春耕不能歇、九尽杨花开农活一齐来。

二、惊蛰养生

黄帝内经》曰:“春三月此谓发陈天地俱生万物以荣夜卧早行,广步于庭披发缓行以便生志。”其意是,春季万物复苏应该晚睡早起散步缓行可以使精神愉悦身体健康。这概括惊蛰养生起居方面基点要点

三、惊蛰民俗

1.祭白虎
民间惊蛰白虎习俗。传白虎口舌是非之神惊蛰出来觅食开口噬人犯之则小人恶语算计以致年内诸事不顺。祭白虎,可免受小人之害。祭白虎,是指拜祭纸绘的白老虎老虎黄色斑纹口角画有一对獠牙拜祭时,以肥猪血喂之,使其饱后 不出口伤人,再以生猪肉抹在老虎嘴上,使之充满油水不能张口是非
2.熏艾
惊蛰之后蛇虫出动古时惊蛰当日人们点燃清香艾草持之熏家中四角驱除蛇、 虫、霉味
3.惊蛰吃梨
民间素有惊蛰吃梨”的习俗传说雍正年间晋商十四世渠百川西口正是惊蛰之日,其父拿出梨让他吃后说:“先祖贩梨创业历经艰辛定居祁县今日惊蛰你要走西口,吃梨是让你不忘先祖努力创业光宗耀祖。”渠百川西口经商致富,将开设字号取名长源厚”。后来西口者也仿效吃梨,多有离家创业之意,再后来惊蛰日也吃梨,亦有“努力荣祖之念
4、蒙鼓皮
惊蛰雷声引起的。古人想象雷神是位鸟嘴人身,长了翅膀大神,一手持锤,一手连击环绕周身许多天鼓,发出隆隆雷声惊蛰这天天庭有雷神击天鼓人间利用这个时机来蒙鼓皮
5、“打小人驱赶霉运
惊蛰象征二月份开始,会平地一声雷唤醒所有冬眠中的蛇虫鼠蚁,家中爬虫走蚁又会应声而起,四处觅食所以古时惊蛰当日人们手持清香艾草,熏家中四角,以香味驱赶蛇、虫、蚊、鼠和霉味久而久之渐渐演变成不顺心拍打对头人和驱赶霉运习惯,亦即“打小人”的前身

四、蛰 思

又到惊蛰,便想起这个常用的“蛰”来。“蛰”最初字形是“虫”字在“执”字内而非下字面意思为“被控制虫子”,科学说法是“动物介于睡觉冬眠之间方式越冬”,不仅限于昆虫
蛰,并非冬眠,要不雷哪里惊得醒?“蛰”并非控制而是自我调节自我控制通过睡眠减少消耗不用迁徙可以解除缺衣少食天寒地冻困扰
蛰,是一种生活态度其实每个人都应该适当一下
健康理念是食半饱并且一段时间断食几日,以排空体内垃圾。再形而上精神,也是如此。人在红尘难免欲望多多如果没有停顿跟着生活思想惯性走,临终不知生命意义
蛰,需要一个时间段,让自己进入洞穴情境蛰伏下来,不进食,不思虑,让汹涌澎湃身体思绪静下来,以意念搜寻自己身体里的欲望洁净自己平和自己才能镇定从容才能看到是非对错,才会获得精神上的丰美
蛰,是做减法态度,是静止,是思考道家——蛰伏盛夏藏华于当春儒家——龙蛇之蛰,以存身也。惊蛰后的大地长空里,会有许多昆虫羽化获得新生自由
古今中外所有的大成功者无不经过“蛰”的。
很多明白,却难以做到

Insects Awaken – one of the mysterious 24 solar terms

Ting ring in the spring, the jingzhe flying race, vitality, spring in full bloom – the awakening of insects solar term words the awakening of insects, the ancient name “kai zhe”, the sixth emperor of the han dynasty han jingdi taboo for “kai”, in order to avoid taboo and “kai” to the meaning of similar “surprise” word.The solar term in history was also known as “kai zhe”.”Xia xiaozheng” said: “the first month of insects.In today’s Chinese cultural circles, Japan still USES the name “keichitsu”.

One, The temperature and phenology of Insects Awaken

Shock for thunder, thunder, hidden things are frightened out.Insects are latent, so tao yuanming poem with “the latent attack of insects, grass and trees freely”.Jingzhe formerly known as “kai zhe”, kai to surprise, highlighted the alarm.The most powerful description of the awakening of insects is: “ting ring in spring, the awakening of insects flying race, hidden dragon floating king, deep spring high mirror”, such vitality, just have spring brilliant.Jingzhe thunder is the most attractive.Such as “not the awakening of insects first thunder, 49 clouds do not open.”The awakening of insects solar term is cold and warm, according to the forecast of late weather proverbs: “cold awakening of insects, warm spring equinox,” and so on.The wind during the awakening of insects festival is also used to predict the later weather.Such as “the awakening of insects blowing the north wind, another winter from the beginning”, the awakening of insects blowing the south wind, seedlings late seed. Awakening of insects three hou: a peach beginning hua;Two hou canggenming;Three waiting eagles into doves. Phenology peach shihua: peach, fruit name, color red, is the beginning of the month.Canggenming: geng – geng, also made – es, also orioles.”Poem” so called “Ming canggeng” is also.Hawk into a dove: eagle, sting birds, harrier Zhan belong to;The turtle doves are the cuckoo of today. This solar term has a very important meaning in busy farming.Think of it as the day when spring plowing begins.Tang poetry has a cloud: the rain hui new, a thunder jingzhe beginning.The tian family was idle for a few days and began to cultivate.Nongyan also said: after the awakening of insects festival, spring can not rest, nine do yanghua, farm work together.

Two, Regimen In Insects Awaken

Huangdi neijing said: “spring march, this is called Chen.Heaven and earth are born, and all things are glorious.Lie early at night, wide step in the court, hair slowly, in order to life ambition.”The idea is that everything comes back to life in spring, you should go to bed late, get up early, and take a walk slowly.This summarizes the awakening of insects health in the living area of the basis points.

Three, Custom of Insects Awaken

1. The white tiger
People have the custom of offering sacrifices to the white tiger during the awakening of insects.Pass white tiger is the god of right and wrong, awakening of insects sunrise to foraging, open bite people, make it was evil words calculation, so that the year all things not.Offering sacrifices to the white tiger can protect the little man from harm.Sacrificial white tiger refers to the white tiger painted on paper for worship. The tiger has yellow and black stripes and a pair of tusks in its mouth.At the time of worship, he fed them with the blood of fat pigs, so that they would be satisfied and not say anything harmful to them.
2. Smoked ai
After the Insects Awaken, snakes and insects move out.On the day of the awakening of insects in ancient times, people lit qingxiang, mugwort, hold the four corners of the house to drive out snakes, insects, musty smell.
3.Eat pears during the awakening of insects
In the folk known as the “awakening of insects to eat pears” custom.Legend, yongzheng years, jin shang 14th canal all rivers to the west, it is the awakening of insects, his father took out pears for him to eat after said: “ancestors start a business selling pears, after all the hardships, settled in qi county, today you want to go west, eating pears is to let you do not forget the ancestors, efforts to start a business to honor ancestors.Canal 100 sichuan go west mouth business to get rich, will open shop name “long source thick”.Later go west mouth also imitate to eat pears, many have “leave home to start a business” meaning, and then eat pears on the awakening of insects, also have “efforts rongzu” idea.
4, the drum skin
The awakening of insects is caused by thunder.The ancients imagined thor to be a winged god with a beak and a human body, with a hammer in his hand, beating the many heavenly drums around his body with one hand to make a rumble of thunder.The awakening of insects that day, there is a thor strike day drum, the world also use this opportunity to cover the drum skin.
5. Beat bad luck
The awakening of insects symbolizing the beginning of February, will be flat a thunder, wake up all hibernating snakes, insects, rats and ants, the reptiles in the home to go ants will be up, foraging for food.So in ancient times on the day of the awakening of insects, people will hold fragrance, mugwort, smoke the four corners of the home, with fragrance to drive away snakes, insects, mosquitoes, mice and musty smell, over time, gradually evolved into the displeasing people beat the enemy and the habit of driving bad luck, that is, “beat the villain” predecessor.

Four, Reflect on Insects Awaken

And to the awakening of insects, will think of this not commonly used “insects”.”Insects” the original font is “insect” in the “hold” word and not under, literally means “controlled insects”, scientific terms is “animals in between sleep and hibernation winter”, not limited to insects. Insects, not hibernation, or thunder where surprised wake up?”Insects” is not controlled, but self-regulation self-control, through sleep to reduce consumption, no migration can remove the lack of food and clothing the trouble of the cold.
Insects, is a life attitude.Actually, everyone should get a proper sting.
The idea of health is to eat half full, and cut off food for a few days at a time to empty the body of garbage.The same is true of the metaphysical spirit.People in the red world, inevitably desire more.If there is no pause, follow the inertia of life and thought to go, dying also do not know the meaning of life.
Insects, need to have a period of time, let yourself into the cave situation, dormant down, do not eat, do not think, let the surging body and thoughts quiet down, to search your body with the mind desire, clean yourself, calm yourself, to see right and wrong, will get spiritual beauty. Insects, is to do subtraction attitude, is static, is thinking.Taoism – dormant in the summer, hidden in the spring.Confucianism — the dragon and snake’s sting, in order to survive.After the awakening of insects in the earth long space, there will be many insects emergence, new life and freedom. Ancient and modern Chinese and foreign all great success, all through “insects”.
Many people understand, but it’s hard to do.

Chinese Language

Insects Awaken - 惊蛰
Insects Awaken – 惊蛰

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