UNESCO protection of intangible cultural heritage in Ethiopia’s capital Addis ababa intergovernmental committee on November 30th morning local time pass a resolution to declare “The 24 solar terms”, China – Chinese anniversary of the movement by observing the sun and the formation time of knowledge and practice “included in the UNESCO human intangible cultural heritage representative list.
“The 24 solar terms” is a knowledge system and social practice formed by the Chinese people through observing the annual movement of the sun and recognizing the changes of seasons, climate, phenology and other aspects in a year. In the international meteorological community, this cognitive system is hailed as “China’s fifth invention”. In 2006, they were included in the first batch of national representative list of intangible cultural heritage. In 2011, jiuhua Spring Festival, ban chunquan nong and shi qian said that spring was included in the extended list of the heritage project. In 2014, the branches of sanmen festival, zhuang frost’s descent festival, miao people’s autumn festival and anren’s autumn festival were included in the extended list of the heritage project.
As early as the spring and autumn period and the warring states period, Chinese people had the concept that the sun was to the south and the sun was to the north. Then people according to the beginning of the month, the position of the sun and the moon in the month and the weather and the growth of plants and animals and other natural phenomena, using the relationship between, divided the year into 24 equal parts.And give each equal to give a proper name, this is the 24 solar terms.
By the end of the warring states period, there were eight solar terms, such as the beginning of spring, the spring equinox, the beginning of summer, the summer solstice, the beginning of autumn, the autumn equinox, the beginning of winter, and the winter solstice. The eight solar terms are the most important of the twenty-four solar terms. The eight solar terms mark the change of seasons, clearly marking the four seasons of the year. Later, by the time of huainan zi, there were exactly the same names of the twenty-four solar terms as in modern times.This is the earliest record of 24 solar terms in Chinese history.